Announcements and Gestures of the RefereeSHOMEN-NI-REI
The Referee motions to the contestants to bow to each other
SHOBU HAJIME “Start the Match”
After the announcement, the Referee takes a step back.
YAME “Stop” Interruption or end of a bout.
As he/she makes the announcement, the Referee makes a downward chopping motion with his hand.
TSUZUKETE HAJIME “Resume fighting—Begin” As he/she says “Tsuzukete”, and standing in a forward stance, the Referee extends his arms outward with his palms facing the contestants. As he/she says “Hajime” he/she turns the palms and brings them rapidly towards one another at the same time stepping back.
YUKO (One point) The Referee extends his arm downward at 45 degrees on the side of the scorer.
It is awarded for: 1. Any punch (Tsuki) delivered to any of the seven scoring areas. 2. Any strike (Uchi) delivered to any of the seven scoring areas.
WAZA-ARI (Two Points) The Referee extends his arm at shoulder level on the side of the scorer.
It is awarded for: Chudan kicks. Chudan being defined as the abdomen, chest, back and side.
IPPON (Three Points) The Referee extends his arm upward at 45 degrees on the side of the scorer.
It is awarded for: 1. Jodan kicks. Jodan being defined as the face, head and neck. 2. Any scoring technique which is delivered on an opponent who has been thrown, has fallen of their own accord, or is otherwise off their feet.
TORIMASEN / CANCEL DECISION
When an award or penalty has been given in error the Referee turns towards the contestant, announces “AKA” or “AO”, crosses his arms, then makes a cutting motion, palms downward, to indicate that the last decision has been cancelled.
SENSHU (First unopposed score)
NO KACHI (Winner) At the end of the match or bout, announcing “AKA (or AO) No Kachi” the Referee extends his arm upward at 45 degrees on the side of the winner.
KIKEN “Renunciation, withdrawal”
The Referee points with the index finger towards the renouncing contestant's line then announces a win to the opponent. If the athlete is not called when he is called, he can not continue, the match will be given if he is withdrawn from the match.
SHIKKAKU “Disqualification, Leave the Area”.
The Referee points first upwards at 45 degrees in the direction of the offender then motions out and behind with the announcement “AKA (AO) SHIKKAKU!” he/she then announces a win for the opponent.
HIKIWAKE “Draw” (Only applicable to team matches).
When time is up and scores are equal, or no scores have been awarded. The Referee crosses his arms then extends them with the palms showing to the front.
CATEGORY 1 OFFENCE (used without further signal for CHUKOKU)
The Referee crosses his open hands with the edge of one wrist on the edge of the other at chest level. It is given in case of minor rule violations due to the contact.
The Referee indicates a Category 1 or 2 offence then points with his index finger downwards at 45 degrees in the direction of the offender
HANSOKU CHUI “Warning of disqualification”.
The Referee indicates a Category 1 or 2 offence then points with his index finger horizontally in the direction of the offender.
The Referee indicates a Category 1 or 2 offence then points with his index finger upwards at 45 degrees in the direction of the offender, and awards a win to the opponent.
The Referee rotates his fist around each other in front of his chest to indicate a Category 2 offence.
The Referee indicates to the Judges that there has been excessive contact or other Category 1 offence.
FEIGNING OR EXAGGERATING INJURY
The Referee holds both hands to his face to indicate to the Judges a Category 2 offence.
JOGAI “Exit from the Match Area”
The Referee indicates an exit to the Judges, by pointing with the index finger to the match area boundary on the side of the offender. Judges must tap the floor with the flag first.
MUBOBI (Self Endangerment)
The Referee touches his face then turning the hand edge forward, moves it back and forth to indicate to the Judges that the contestant has endangered himself
The Referee makes a circling motion with the down turned index finger to indicate to the Judges a Category 2 offence.
PUSHING, GRABBING OR STANDING CHEST TO CHEST WITHOUT ATTEMPTING ANIMMEDIATE TECHNIQUE OR TAKEDOWN
The Referee holds both clenched fists at shoulder level or makes a pushing motion with both open hands to indicate to the Judges a Category 2 offence.
DANGEROUS AND UNCONTROLLED ATTACKS
The Referee brings his clenched fist past the side of his head to indicate to the Judges a Category 2 offence.
SIMULATED ATTACKS WITH THE HEAD KNEES OR ELBOWS
The Referee touches his forehead, knee, or elbow with the open hand to indicate to the Judges a Category 2 offence.
TALKING TO OR GOADING THE OPPONENT AND DISCOURTEOUS BEHAVIOUR
The Referee places his index finger to his lips to indicate to the Judges a Category 2 offence.
SHUGO “Judges Called” . The Referee calls the Judges at the end of the match or bout or to recommend SHIKKAKU.